Ghana reactivates the call for a National Sanitation Authority

December 2019: Plans for a new national sanitation body in Ghana have been reactivated by the government, raising the hope of accelerated efforts towards universal coverage. But serious challenges remain.

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Ghana has a growing population of 29 million people and is one of the most urbanised countries in Africa.

Almost half the country now lives in towns and cities, and of these less than one fifth has access to at least a basic sanitation service.

While poverty in Ghana is in decline, the challenges caused by rapid urbanisation are on the rise. Nearly half the population in Kumasi rely on public toilets, with only one toilet for every 1,000 people, and water services in low-income urban areas are often non-existent. This is having a massive knock-on effect on the population’s health, dignity and economic growth.

WSUP started working in Ghana in 2010, improving water and sanitation services in Accra and Kumasi. Since then we’ve developed strong relationships with service providers and policy makers to improve water and sanitation services for the country’s poorest urban communities. We have also set up a standalone sanitation service, Clean Team.


Institutions that deal with sanitation issues at both local and national levels in Ghana tend to be weak, culminating in low progress achieved on sanitation over the years. The challenges are complex.

Blog: November 2019 – For sale: safe sanitation in Ghana

“I have lived in this compound for the past few years without a toilet. You have to deal with the inconvenience of using a public toilet,” says 60-year-old Yaa Achiaa.

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Report: November 2019 – Sales glitch: Can Ghana unblock its toilet sales market?

This report explores the financial, social, legal and physical hurdles to improving household sanitation in Ghana. We demonstrate the impact that such a ‘disabling’ environment can have on market-based programmes and make suggestions to ease the path to the market for safe sanitation products in the future.

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SSD photoshoot

Report: November 2019 – Why are toilets so expensive in Ghana? Experience from Kumasi

Slow uptake of household toilets in urban Ghana is due to several factors, including (but not limited to) cost which is a key focus of stakeholders. Collating data on the costs of constructing toilets in Kumasi, this Practice Note provides points of comparison for others seeking to build toilets in Ghana and beyond.

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SSD photoshoot

Urban Sanitation Research Initiative Ghana logo

Project: March 2020 – Evaluation of user experience outcomes of Clean Team service use

Clean Team Ghana is a social enterprise in Kumasi providing container-based toilets for a monthly fee. This project conducted an evaluation of user experience outcomes for customers of Clean Team Ghana to further improve the business model and aid understanding around user experience for this type of model.

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Clean Team waste collector

To find out how you can support our work in Ghana, please contact us at or call us on +44 (0)20 7822 1867.