When constructing shared facilities like water kiosks and communal toilets, it is critical to identify locations that maximise usage and thus ensure financial viability. This note describes a procedure, developed in Antananarivo, for identifying viable infrastructure locations.

Il est essentiel de bien choisir l’emplacement des infrastructures communautaires telles que les bornes fontaines ou les toilettes publiques pour maximiser leur utilisation et par-là assurer leur viabilité financière. Cette note décrit une procédure élaborée à cet effet à Antananarivo pour identifier la localisation des infrastructures.

Quando se constroem infraestruturas partilhadas tais como quiosques de abastecimento de água e latrinas comunitárias, é fundamental identificar locais que maximizem a sua utilização e garantam a viabilidade financeira. Esta nota descreve um procedimento, desenvolvido em Antananarivo, para a identificação de locais viáveis para as infraestruturas.

This Topic Brief focuses on a delegated management model developed in Kumasi (Ghana), where a WSUP-facilitated partnership between the water utility, the Metropolitan Assembly and a community management committee is starting to play a key role in expanding the provision of clean, affordable water and improved public toilet facilities in the low-income district of Kotei. The Brief explores the nature of the model, the contractual arrangements, and the central role of the community management committee. It also examines the potential for scale-up and replication.

Climate change is happening, and the urban poor are extremely vulnerable to its impacts. Demand for water and sanitation services in low-income urban areas is likely to increase, while flooding and water shortages may become more frequent. This Practice Note outlines a rapid assessment method for planning the climate-proofing of a city’s water and sanitation services.

Le changement climatique est une réalité à laquelle les communautés urbaines pauvres sont très vulnérables. Si la demande pour les services d’eau et d’assainissement augmenteront probablement, les inondations et les pénuries d’eau risquent de devenir plus fréquentes, d’où la nécessité pour les fournisseurs de service d’agir maintenant.

As alterações climáticas estão a acontecer e as populações mais desfavorecidas das zonas urbanas são muito vulneráveis aos seus impactos. É muito provável que a procura por serviços de abastecimento de água e de saneamento em áreas urbanas de baixo rendimento aumente e as cheias e a escassez de água poderão tornar-se mais frequentes. Os provedores de serviços devem agir agora.

In the Madagascan capital Antananarivo (Tana), community groups are using revenues from water kiosks and other local sources to finance a drainage canal cleaning programme, critical to public health. This practice note argues that the Tana experience may provide a sustainable and scalable model for cross financing environmental health improvements.

La pérennité financière est essentielle aux modèles durables de l’assainissement urbain et de l’hygiène environnementale. A Antananarivo (Tana), capitale malgache, les communautés utilisent les recettes des kiosques à eau pour financer le curage de canaux, une action essentielle pour la santé publique.

This report evaluates the impacts of climate change on water and sanitation technologies in the peri-urban areas around Lake Naivasha, reviews the water resources in Lake Naivasha and considers the potential adaptations required to mitigate the impacts. Under current forecasts of climate change, the mean temperature in Kenya is predicted to increase while precipitation is expected to decrease in volume and increase in intensity, increasing the frequency and severity of droughts.

The main impacts are identified as:
Decreasing lake and ground waters: will have a significant impact as there will be higher domestic demand whilst surface water availability decreases

Increasing lake and groundwater levels is largely positive for Naivasha as there is more water for domestic and irrigation use.

Potential short, medium and long term adaptations are identified for WSUP (or the local provider), NAIVAWASS and the City Council.