Financing water and sanitation improvements for the very poor remains a major challenge across large areas of the globe. In the lead-up to World Water Forum 2012, sector specialists throughout the world have been asked to report specific measures for addressing this deficit. In this paper, WSUP and IRC propose six Key Solutions and urge financing institutions, governments and service providers worldwide to put these solutions into practice

This report assesses the feasibility of a financing model, Progress-Linked Finance (PLF), designed to incentivise and support WASH service providers to meet the needs of poor urban residents in a financially sustainable manner. Under the PLF model, international financing institutions would enter into commitment agreements with urban WASH service providers, notably utilities and municipalities.

Even in city districts served by a water network, there are various barriers to connection by the poorest households. Sometimes a major barrier is simply the paperwork. In Maputo, Mozambique, the Tchemulane project is working with community groups and the water utility to help poorer consumers access a household connection.

Mesmo nos distritos urbanos servidos por uma rede de abastecimento de água, existem vários obstáculos para a  ligação dos mais desfavorecidos. Muitas das vezes o maior obstáculo é simplesmente a documentação. Em  Maputo (Moçambique), o projeto Tchemulane está a trabalhar com as comunidades e com a AdeM para ajudar os  consumidores de baixa renda a terem acesso a uma ligação domiciliária.

Même dans les quartiers urbains desservis par réseaux d’eau, les ménages les plus pauvres rencontrent des difficultés de branchement. La plupart du temps, les formalités représentent l’ obstacle majeur. À Maputo (Mozambique), le projet Tchemulane travaille avec des groupes communautaires et le service des eaux pour aider les consommateurs les plus pauvres à avoir accès au branchement domestique.

Réduire le NRW (non-revenue water, “eau non comptabilisée”) est un objectif de développement commun pour les compagnies d’eau, mais est-ce que cela aide les pauvres ? A Antananarivo (Madagascar), la réduction de NRW permet à la compagnie JIRAMA de dégager des ressources en eau qui sont utilisées pour approvisionner les communautés à faible revenu.

A redução de ANF é um objectivo de desenvolvimento comum para as empresas de abastecimento de água mas será que ajuda os mais desfavorecidos? Em Antananarivo (Madagáscar), a redução das perdas de ANF está a ajudar a empresa JIRAMA a libertar água para abastecer as comunidades de baixa renda

Reducing non-revenue water (NRW) is a common development goal for water utilities, but does it help the poor? In Antananarivo, Madagascar, reducing NRW losses is helping the utility JIRAMA to free up water resources that are being used to supply low-income communities.