Pathogen pathways and urban planning

Improving public health is one of the primary reasons for investing in sanitation infrastructure like sewer networks or sludge treatment plants. This makes sense: minimising contact with faeces almost certainly means that fewer people will get sick from diseases like diarrhoea or cholera. Tools such as Shit Flow Diagrams provide an overview of a city’s […]

Modelling faecal pathogen flows in urban environments: a proposed approach to inform sanitation planning

Creating a methodology so city-level sanitation investment decisions can be supported by a better understanding of pathogen flows This Policy Brief summarises an initial research study which developed a conceptual model of faecal pathogen pathways in urban environments. The proposed model uses a “source-pathway-receptor” approach: it considers release of pathogens into the environment, transport in the environment, and eventual […]

Dhaka survey results now online

In many cities, there is a lack of good-quality data on WASH coverage levels in low-income communities. And that’s a problem if you’re trying to improve slum WASH in that city! So over the period 2017-2018, WSUP is carrying out citywide WASH surveys in at least one city in each country in which we have […]

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management Policy and Operational Guidelines

Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation (GVMC) has launched its own policy and operational guidelines to facilitate implementation of Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) activities within the city. GVMC  intends to foster FSSM sector, among others, to achieve universal and safe environmental sanitation leading up to outcomes on public health and environment.