Improving public health is one of the primary reasons for investing in sanitation infrastructure like sewer networks or sludge treatment plants. This makes sense: minimising contact with faeces almost certainly means that fewer people will get sick from diseases like diarrhoea or cholera. Tools such as Shit Flow Diagrams provide an overview of a city’s […]
Creating a methodology so city-level sanitation investment decisions can be supported by a better understanding of pathogen flows This Policy Brief summarises an initial research study which developed a conceptual model of faecal pathogen pathways in urban environments. The proposed model uses a “source-pathway-receptor” approach: it considers release of pathogens into the environment, transport in the environment, and eventual […]
In many cities, there is a lack of good-quality data on WASH coverage levels in low-income communities. And that’s a problem if you’re trying to improve slum WASH in that city! So over the period 2017-2018, WSUP is carrying out citywide WASH surveys in at least one city in each country in which we have […]
Service providers involved in faecal sludge management (FSM) are held back by a lack of current data on their customer base, operating standards and levels of service. This Practice Note introduces PULA, an innovative mobile app now being developed to bridge the data gap. In WSUP’s experience, one key barrier to citywide FSM service provision […]
Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation (GVMC) has launched its own policy and operational guidelines to facilitate implementation of Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) activities within the city. GVMC intends to foster FSSM sector, among others, to achieve universal and safe environmental sanitation leading up to outcomes on public health and environment.
The Government of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in 2014 with the ambitious aim to ensure hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation by the 150th anniversary of Gandhi’s birth in October 2019. This document aims to build on existing knowledge by detailing how the challenge of achieving universal sanitation and Open […]
Urban utilities are often unwilling to extend or improve services to unserved areas for fear that not enough water is available. This Practice Note introduces an Excel-based modelling tool that projects the water demand implications of slum water improvements in a given city.