Clean Team is a sanitation business currently being trialled by WSUP in Kumasi (Ghana), in collaboration with Unilever. Using human-centred design methods, it approaches urban sanitation from a radically new angle: asking people in low-income communities what sort of toilet they really want (for example, a flush toilet in their own home), and working from there to develop financially viable solutions that actively drive demand.

In the Madagascan capital Antananarivo (Tana), community groups are using revenues from water kiosks and other local sources to finance a drainage canal cleaning programme, critical to public health. This practice note argues that the Tana experience may provide a sustainable and scalable model for cross financing environmental health improvements.

La pérennité financière est essentielle aux modèles durables de l’assainissement urbain et de l’hygiène environnementale. A Antananarivo (Tana), capitale malgache, les communautés utilisent les recettes des kiosques à eau pour financer le curage de canaux, une action essentielle pour la santé publique.

Des toilettes communes pour plusieurs familles peuvent être une bonne solution dans les quartiers pauvres et densément peuplés. Mais encore faut-il assurer des paiements réguliers par les usagers, et une bonne gestion communautaire des recetttes.

Em comunidades com uma elevada densidade populacional e baixo rendimento, sanitários comunitários para pequenos grupos de famílias podem ser uma solução eficaz. O desafio é obter pagamentos regulares dos utilizadores e uma gestão comunitária eficaz desta receita.

This Practice Note examines the financing of communal toilets in Maputo, Mozambique, carried out in conjunction with municipal level capacity building and citywide sanitation planning. It argues that in high density, low income communities, communal toilets serving small groups of families can be an effective sanitation solution.

This Topic Brief explores the viability of communal or public toilets as an alternative to individual household toilets, noting the challenges of financing and sustainable management arrangements. It argues that communal or public toilets may be the most appropriate medium-term solution in some specific situations: notably in high-density slums with a high proportion of tenants and/or frequent flooding and water-logging.