This Discussion Paper reports data on municipal public finance for sanitation in three African cities, based on in-country examination of available budget records: Ga West Municipality, part of the Greater Accra conglomeration in Ghana; Maputo, capital of Mozambique; and Nakuru County in Kenya, including the city of Nakuru.

Turning citizens into sensors: using mobile apps and ‘big data’ to combat water losses in South Africa

This leadership perspective by Michael Sullivan, IBM, forms part of a series on the theme of creating business value and development impact in the WASH sector. The series and accompanying Discussion Paper are co-produced by WSUP and Business Fights Poverty. As social technology becomes more prevalent, governments are looking for ways to be far more interactive with their constituents, and leveraging […]


Improving urban sanitation requires big investment by municipal as well as national government: but in most African cities, sanitation receives less than 1% of the total municipal budget. This Practice Note reports ongoing research around how to encourage greater municipal investment in sanitation, in cities in Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique.

Public Finance for WASH launched

Universal water and sanitation coverage will require governments to invest more money, and to invest it more effectively. But how can this be achieved? Launching today, the Public Finance for WASH website has some of the answers: www.publicfinanceforwash.com Public Finance for WASH is a collaborative advocacy and research initiative of WSUP, IRC and Trémolet Consulting. The […]


The MapSan trial: a controlled before and after study of shared sanitation in Maputo

If you’ve been following WSUP’s research activities, you’ll know that one of our most exciting pieces of work is the evaluation of the health impacts of our sanitation programme in Maputo (Mozambique). This major study, funded by USAID, is being led by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). The research is looking at a […]