Rute Rodrigues from Maputo

“We realised it was a reality, our dreams were beginning to happen”

Poor sanitation in the peri-urban areas of Maputo, Mozambique, has a disproportionate impact on the lives of women. But women are also playing a key role in tackling the challenge. “We had a precarious latrine that over the course of time became damaged, and collapsed due to heavy rains,” recalls Rute Rodrigues (pictured above), a […]


Findings from the Maputo Sanitation (‘MapSan’) project in Mozambique

This Policy Brief summarises the findings of a qualitative research study which looked at causes and levels of psychosocial stress among users of traditional shared latrines and high-quality shared toilets in Maputo (Mozambique). The findings suggest that high-quality shared toilets can substantially reduce feelings of stress associated with fear of robbery, physical assault or sexual assault when using the toilet.

However, fear of violence was not totally eliminated, reflecting high crime levels in these communities, and suggesting that additional measures (such as improved compound fencing) may be necessary.

This research was led by Tess Shiras and Robert Dreibelbis of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, and was funded under a grant to the MapSan project by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Women in Visakhapatnam, India

Being bold for change in sanitation

In Visakhapatnam (Vizag), on India’s eastern coast, women have taken a leadership role in a citywide drive to clean up the city and eliminate the practice of open defecation. The project, part of India’s Swachh Bharat cleanliness drive, has seen WSUP providing technical assistance to the Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation. The campaign sought to harness […]


The invisible public health threat in developing country cities

Neil Jeffery, CEO, Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor Central Lusaka has the air of a city on the rise – well-organised streets with brand new buildings, and shopping malls springing up all over the place. The Zambian capital, which I visited last October, is a typical rapidly growing African city. But step outside […]


Bringing dignity, safety and health to a city of two million

WSUP has been featured in a blog written by Chris Holmes, USAID Global Water Coordinator and Deputy Assistant Administrator in USAID’s Bureau for Economic Growth, Education and Environment. In the article, Chris Holmes writes about his visit to Vizag, eastern India, and where he meets women’s self-help groups who are playing a crucial work in eliminating open […]


Creating dignity through toilets

Having a toilet equals a better chance of education, dignity, safety, status and more – wherever you are in the world. WSUP’s My Toilet exhibition aims to draw attention to the sanitation challenges faced by women and girls across the world, and in early May we took the exhibition to Barcelona to allow more people […]