Women in Visakhapatnam, India

Being bold for change in sanitation

In Visakhapatnam (Vizag), on India’s eastern coast, women have taken a leadership role in a citywide drive to clean up the city and eliminate the practice of open defecation. The project, part of India’s Swachh Bharat cleanliness drive, has seen WSUP providing technical assistance to the Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation. The campaign sought to harness […]


The Government of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in 2014 with the ambitious aim to ensure hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation by the 150th anniversary of Gandhi’s birth in October 2019. This document aims to build on existing knowledge by detailing how the challenge of achieving universal sanitation and Open Defecation Free (ODF) status has been approached by Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, presenting nine stepping stones which together constitute a pathway towards citywide ODF status.

The invisible public health threat in developing country cities

Neil Jeffery, CEO, Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor Central Lusaka has the air of a city on the rise – well-organised streets with brand new buildings, and shopping malls springing up all over the place. The Zambian capital, which I visited last October, is a typical rapidly growing African city. But step outside […]


Is entrepreneurship a solution to the sanitation challenge

Today, entrepreneurs are everywhere – looking increasingly to create not only financial but social gain. And there’s no better place to start than with water and sanitation. One in three people worldwide lack access to a safe, clean toilet. Nearly one billion people live in informal settlements in urban areas without access to a sewered […]


Global handwashing day 2016: changing institutional as well as individual behaviours

Regular handwashing with soap can have a major impact on combatting diarrhoeal diseases – the second leading cause of death in children under five years old. Its simple, its cheap, it saves lives – and yet around the world many people do not regularly wash their hands with soap. This is why Global Handwashing Day, […]


This report is an outcome of (a) secondary data collected from Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation (GVMC), and assessment of this data with respect to the system of maintenance, and (b) Primary survey of open defecation spots, public and community toilets, focus group discussions in slums, and key informant interviews with specific categories of people, and pertains to the larger intent of a roll out and service delivery under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in the city.

Bringing dignity, safety and health to a city of two million

WSUP has been featured in a blog written by Chris Holmes, USAID Global Water Coordinator and Deputy Assistant Administrator in USAID’s Bureau for Economic Growth, Education and Environment. In the article, Chris Holmes writes about his visit to Vizag, eastern India, and where he meets women’s self-help groups who are playing a crucial work in eliminating open […]


Creating dignity through toilets

Having a toilet equals a better chance of education, dignity, safety, status and more – wherever you are in the world. WSUP’s My Toilet exhibition aims to draw attention to the sanitation challenges faced by women and girls across the world, and in early May we took the exhibition to Barcelona to allow more people […]


Pro-poor tariff systems: what if ‘fair’ pricing isn’t fair enough?

Let’s begin by supposing you work for a water utility company in a large city in West Africa (a city whose population is rapidly expanding). You’re tasked with fulfilling the utility’s mandate to provide clean and safe water for everyone in the city, ensuring that water remains affordable for all income groups but priced so […]


WASH4Work: driving business action in WASH

On World Water Day 2016, WSUP was one of 11 partners behind the launch of WASH4Work, a new initiative to support business action towards the Sustainable Development Goal on universal access to water and sanitation. With the launch of the SDGs, world leaders have publicly acknowledged that water and sanitation are essential for eradicating poverty […]