Gasia Poa pit emptiers at work in Kisumu, Kenya


Based on detailed literature reviews and interviews with key stakeholders, this project aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the urban sanitation landscape in Bangladesh, Ghana and Kenya. This could then be used to inform WSUP’s future research on key issues facing the sector in each of these countries and identify opportunities to influence change.


Three reports examine each country’s wider socio-economic and political contexts, and provide an overview of institutional and financing arrangements for the sector. They also highlight the challenges of developing pro-poor urban sanitation services and identifies possible drivers of change.

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