Solid waste in Mirpur, Dhaka


To assess how Bangladeshi City Corporations (specifically Dhaka North, Chittagong and Rangpur) deliver sanitation services to their citizens and how the external environment and long-term, operational and short-term factors influence City Corporations’ capacity to plan, finance, design and implement sustainable sanitation services.


Despite Bangladesh’s achievement of eradicating open defecation, access to improved sanitation facilities remains poor in low-income areas in the three cities.

  • City Corporations are not adequately aware of their roe in providing and managing sanitation.
  • City Corporation staff have few opportunities to participate in sanitation planning activities.
  • City Corporations do not have a unit dedicated to providing sanitation services.
  • Internally-generated revenue within City Corporations tends to be low, and central government allocations are not sufficient.

None of the City Corporations assessed have a mission statement or a commitment to improving sanitation.

Next steps

This project captured the state of three CCs’ capacity at just one moment in time; despite the barriers, there is awareness within each of the City Corporations that these must be addressed if sanitation is to improve at a city-wide level. Clear leadership from elected officials who are accountable to residents, such as Mayors, will be vital as they have the mandate to make structural changes within CCs, to design mission statements and sanitation plans, and to provide direction.

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