The Urban Sanitation Research Initiative Ghana is designed to feed into the national evidence base around pro-poor urban sanitation in Ghana, driving policy change.

WSUP’s research partners in Ghana are the Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources, Environmental Health and Sanitation Directorate (MSWR-EHSD), the Institute of Local Government Studies (ILGS), and the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST).



Pay-per-use public latrines and private toilets shared between several families in housing compounds are very common in towns and cities across Ghana. Almost three-quarters of the urban population use shared sanitation facilities – the highest rate in the world. The Ghanaian government wants each household to have its own toilet, but how will this shift away from shared toilets happen in urban areas where space is limited, and interest rates are too high for low-income people to borrow money to build toilets? How can the condition of shared toilets be improved in the meantime?

This report gives an overview of the current urban sanitation situation in Ghana, and the main barriers to sector change. For information on how the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative Ghana aims to develop research that can help overcome these barriers, see the Initiative’s overview document.

Our partners in Ghana