Madagascar’s urban water challenge

On the outskirts of Antananarivo, getting enough water everyday can be a difficult task.

Residents who live in informal settlements are the ones affected the most, and have to rely on unsafe sources to meet their daily needs.

Watch our 360-degree film and learn how improvements across the water system are changing lives for residents in Madagascar.


More blogs

High-quality shared sanitation: how can we define that?

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, KenyaLanguage: English

Shared toilets are often dirty and poorly maintained: but for some slum-dwellers living in tiny dwellings, they’re the only option. So what are the requirements for high-quality shared sanitation? This Policy Brief outlines a 3-country research project starting in October 2018 under the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, aiming to identify trackable criteria for high-quality shared […]

Theme: Public/shared toilets, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH

Increasing climate resilience of water and sanitation services in cities

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, ZambiaLanguage: English

Climate change is already having a huge impact in many parts of the world. In countries where WSUP works, poor water availability poses serious risks to society, and as extreme weather events become increasingly frequent, this challenge is worsening. This paper highlights how WSUP works to support climate resilience.

Theme: Climate change, WASH, Water

Promoting gender equality through better water and sanitation services

Published: Country: Kenya, Mozambique, ZambiaLanguage: English

Women and girls primarily bear the responsibility for household water supply and child care, and are the most affected by poor sanitation. The amount of time spent locating and collecting water represents a major barrier to economic gain and empowerment as it reduces time available for income generating activities and school attendance. This paper highlights […]

Theme: Gender, Health impact, Sanitation, WASH, Water

Institutionalising pro-poor services: A new Key Performance Indicator for Kenyan utilities

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

The Kenyan water and sewerage regulator, WASREB, has introduced a new Key Performance Indicator (KPI) mandating utilities to report their efforts to serve low-income areas. KPI 10 requires utilities to demonstrate their pro-poor strategies, mapping and engagement, now essential to placing highly in WASREB’s annual ranking. This Practice Note outlines the 7-year process – driven […]

Theme: Regulation, Utilities, WASH, Water

Improving the performance of water entrepreneurs in urban Kisumu, Kenya

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

Master Operators (MOs) are small-scale semi-autonomous water providers who serve low-income areas in Kisumu, overseen by Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (KIWASCO) through a Delegated Management Model. MOs extend the supply network to many of the city’s poorer residents for a fair price and have helped to semi-regulate previously informal water services. However, they have […]

Theme: Finance, Utilities, WASH, Water

Mapping sanitation in peri-urban Lusaka: a toilet database

Published: Country: ZambiaLanguage: English

This Practice Note outlines the development of a toilet database to support sanitation business development and public health monitoring in Lusaka. Currently being tested in the peri-urban area (PUA) of Kanyama, the electronic database enables information on the ownership, location, quality and emptying history of local pit latrines and septic tanks to be stored in […]

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Innovation, Sanitation, Tools and guidance

International study of institutional models to support the development of Ghana’s proposed National Sanitation Authority

Published: Country: GhanaLanguage: English

Lead author: IMC Worldwide. The overall aim of the project is to respond to the Government of Ghana’s interest to establish a National Sanitation Authority (NSA) to prioritise sanitation service delivery and achieve Ghana’s commitment to SDG Goal 6. The Ministry of Sanitation & Water Resources (MSWR) has requested the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative in […]

Theme: Research, Sanitation, Tools and guidance, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative

Smart enforcement of sanitation by-laws in Ghana

Published: Country: GhanaLanguage: English

This Policy Brief reports a research project that identified ways of improving enforcement of by-laws requiring urban landlords to provide acceptable sanitation facilities for their tenants. In Ga West, as in other Ghanaian municipalities, by-laws requiring landlords to provide adequate sanitation exist: but they are rarely enforced. Nearly half of landlords are unaware of the […]

Theme: Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative
Towards citywide sanitation in Lusaka

Towards citywide sanitation in Lusaka: The next phase of non-sewered sanitation

Published: Country: ZambiaLanguage: English

Lusaka has made huge strides in introducing faecal sludge management (FSM) services for low-income consumers, particularly thanks to the efforts of the city’s utility, Lusaka Water and Sewerage Company (LWSC). WSUP has worked closely with Lusaka’s water and sanitation stakeholders, including LWSC and Lusaka City Council (LCC), for a number of years. In particular, LWSC […]

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Sanitation, Tools and guidance

Regulatory reform: raising the standard of pit-emptying services in Kisumu

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

In Kisumu, Kenya, pit latrines are the dominant form of sanitation, yet the servicing of these pits has previously been unregulated. This Note outlines the recent introduction of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) – led by Kisumu County Public Health Office – which aim to minimise operator and public health risk throughout the emptying and disposal […]

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Regulation, Sanitation, WASH