The missing link in climate adaptation: How improved access to water and sanitation is helping cities adapt to climate change

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Uganda, ZambiaLanguage: English

For the poorest urban residents, one of the most significant ways in which climate change is affecting their lives is through access to water and sanitation. In sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia, water and sanitation service providers are struggling to respond to the needs of communities, and climate change is making it harder for these […]

Theme: Climate change, Sanitation, Utilities, WASH, Water

Towards a cleaner and more productive Malindi and Watamu

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

The residents of the coastal town of Malindi, popular for its beautiful beaches, largely depend on on-site sanitation. There is no waste treatment plant and only 25% of the waste is safely managed. As a result, 90% of hand dug wells are contaminated causing serious health risks in the communities. Leaders in Kilifi County Government […]

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Health impact, Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

Shared sanitation in low-income urban settlements: Evidence from Ghana, Kenya and Bangladesh

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, KenyaLanguage: English

Shared sanitation has immensely contributed to sanitation access in urban areas, but is at best considered a “limited” solution due to the lack of quality standards within Sustainable Development Goal 6. This policy brief presents the main results of the QUISS project (Quality Indicators of Shared Sanitation), a three-country comparative mixed-methods study that identified the […]

Theme: Public/shared toilets, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH

Integrated Slum Upgrading: how can we link water and sanitation with wider urban development?

Published: Country: Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, MozambiqueLanguage: English

Marginalised urban communities are often characterised by three things: complexity, interdependence of challenges, and constant evolution. The sheer numbers of people living close together in poorly planned communities can make improving the quality of life extremely difficult. The rapid rate of urbanisation – by 2050, the number of people living in African cities will double […]

Theme: Community management, Faecal sludge management, Health impact, Planning, Public/shared toilets, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH, Water

Citywide Inclusive Sanitation: Resource Planning and Management

Published: Language: English

For urban sanitation systems to function safely, at scale, over time, and inclusively, they must be organized to support three functions: responsibility, accountability, and resource planning and management. This short publication looks at the function of resource planning and management, drawing on a desk review of over 40 urban sanitation investments in twenty-eight countries across Africa, Asia and Latin […]

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Faecal sludge management, Market development, Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

Citywide Inclusive Sanitation: Accountability

Published: Language: English

For urban sanitation systems to function safely, at scale, over time, and inclusively, they must be organized to support three functions: responsibility, accountability, and resource planning and management. In this paper, we explore the accountability mechanisms that can be applied to the different service provision mandate structures identified in our parallel paper on responsibilities.

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Faecal sludge management, Market development, Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

Citywide Inclusive Sanitation: Responsibility

Published: Language: English

For urban sanitation systems to function safely, at scale, over time, and inclusively, they must be organized to support three functions: responsibility, accountability, and resource planning and management. This short publication looks at the function of responsibility: the extent to which sanitation authorities are clearly mandated.

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Faecal sludge management, Market development, Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

NAWIRI: Piloting a business model for low-cost sanitary products in Kenya

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

Women and girls living in Kenya’s low-income settlements frequently lack access to basic menstrual hygiene materials. This Practice Note details the development of a business model for low-cost sanitary products in Naivasha, the setbacks encountered, and what WSUP has learnt from the pilot intervention.

Theme: Gender, Hygiene, WASH

Quality Check: How can we ensure sanitation achieves health and quality of life outcomes in low-income areas?

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, MozambiqueLanguage: English

This discussion paper explores how high-quality sanitation can be achieved in low-income urban areas in developing contexts. It is based on findings from four research projects conducted under, or in association with, WSUP’s Urban Sanitation Research Initiative 2016–2020 (USRI), funded by DFID. The four research projects considered here are: The Faecal Pathogen Flows study in […]

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Health impact, Public/shared toilets, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH

Smart Meters: Innovating to improve water supply in a post-Covid context

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

In cities across Africa, rapidly expanding low-income communities (LICs) pose unique technical and social challenges to utilities in expanding services – but they also present an opportunity to expand the customer base and generate revenues. COVID-19 is placing huge additional pressures on the financial viability of utilities, exacerbating the need for innovative service delivery models […]

Theme: Innovation, Utilities, WASH