Integrated Slum Upgrading: how can we link water and sanitation with wider urban development?

Published: Country: Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, MozambiqueLanguage: English

Marginalised urban communities are often characterised by three things: complexity, interdependence of challenges, and constant evolution. The sheer numbers of people living close together in poorly planned communities can make improving the quality of life extremely difficult. The rapid rate of urbanisation – by 2050, the number of people living in African cities will double […]

Theme: Community management, Faecal sludge management, Health impact, Planning, Public/shared toilets, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH, Water

Citywide inclusive urban sanitation series: resource planning and management

Published: Language: English

For urban sanitation systems to function safely, at scale, over time, and inclusively, they must be organized to support three functions: responsibility, accountability, and resource planning and management. This short publication looks at the function of resource planning and management, drawing on a desk review of over 40 urban sanitation investments in twenty-eight countries across Africa, Asia and Latin […]

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Faecal sludge management, Market development, Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

Citywide inclusive urban sanitation series: ensuring accountability

Published: Language: English

For urban sanitation systems to function safely, at scale, over time, and inclusively, they must be organized to support three functions: responsibility, accountability, and resource planning and management. In this paper, we explore the accountability mechanisms that can be applied to the different service provision mandate structures identified in our parallel paper on responsibilities.

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Faecal sludge management, Market development, Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

Citywide inclusive urban sanitation series: who has responsibility?

Published: Language: English

For urban sanitation systems to function safely, at scale, over time, and inclusively, they must be organized to support three functions: responsibility, accountability, and resource planning and management. This short publication looks at the function of responsibility: the extent to which sanitation authorities are clearly mandated.

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Faecal sludge management, Market development, Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

NAWIRI: Piloting a business model for low-cost sanitary products in Kenya

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

Women and girls living in Kenya’s low-income settlements frequently lack access to basic menstrual hygiene materials. This Practice Note details the development of a business model for low-cost sanitary products in Naivasha, the setbacks encountered, and what WSUP has learnt from the pilot intervention.

Theme: Gender, Hygiene, WASH

Quality Check: How can we ensure sanitation achieves health and quality of life outcomes in low-income areas?

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, MozambiqueLanguage: English

This discussion paper explores how high-quality sanitation can be achieved in low-income urban areas in developing contexts. It is based on findings from four research projects conducted under, or in association with, WSUP’s Urban Sanitation Research Initiative 2016–2020 (USRI), funded by DFID. The four research projects considered here are: The Faecal Pathogen Flows study in […]

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Health impact, Public/shared toilets, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH

Smart Meters: Innovating to improve water supply in a post-Covid context

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

In cities across Africa, rapidly expanding low-income communities (LICs) pose unique technical and social challenges to utilities in expanding services – but they also present an opportunity to expand the customer base and generate revenues. COVID-19 is placing huge additional pressures on the financial viability of utilities, exacerbating the need for innovative service delivery models […]

Theme: Innovation, Utilities, WASH

A meeting of mindsets for SDG success

Published: Language: English

Core to WSUP’s guiding strategy is the belief that market-based solutions will contribute significantly to sustainable progress in tackling the world’s biggest challenge: water and sanitation for all. However, financially viable business models targeting the poorest residents are just not very many. Our work with local service providers, social enterprises, and WASH-driven start-ups, seeks to […]

Theme: Finance, Innovation, Market development, Sanitation, WASH, Water

When pits fill up: Supply and demand for safe pit-emptying services in Kisumu, Kenya

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

Improving sanitation conditions in low-income communities is a major challenge in rapidly growing cities of the developing world. To determine the degree through which market forces can promote safe fecal sludge removal in low-income neighbourhoods of Kisumu, Kenya, this research compared household willingness-to-pay for formal pit emptying services with the prices charged by service providers. […]

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Finance, Planning, Regulation, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH
Building resilience to climate change experiences from Southern Zambia

Building resilience to climate change: experiences from Southern Zambia

Published: Country: ZambiaLanguage: English

As the effects of man-made climate change become more pronounced, water shortages are becoming more common throughout Africa, with Southern Africa identified as a particular climate change hotspot. This report examines the challenges faced by Southern Water & Sanitation Company Limited (SWSC) in Southern Zambia, as climate change has reduced its available water supply in […]

Theme: Climate change, Water