The missing link in urban climate adaptation

A new report by WSUP entitled The missing link in climate adaptation: How improved access to water and sanitation is helping cities adapt to climate change shows how improved access to water and sanitation services is the missing link in helping cities adapt to climate change and presents four recommendations for helping water and sanitation providers to tackle the threat caused by climate change.

1. Use every drop

2. Protect the infrastructure

3. Strengthen systems

4. Integrate with wider city resilience

Blog

More blogs

The missing link in climate adaptation: How improved access to water and sanitation is helping cities adapt to climate change

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Uganda, ZambiaLanguage: English

For the poorest urban residents, one of the most significant ways in which climate change is affecting their lives is through access to water and sanitation. In sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia, water and sanitation service providers are struggling to respond to the needs of communities, and climate change is making it harder for these […]

Theme: Climate change, Sanitation, Utilities, WASH, Water

Towards a cleaner and more productive Malindi and Watamu

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

The residents of the coastal town of Malindi, popular for its beautiful beaches, largely depend on on-site sanitation. There is no waste treatment plant and only 25% of the waste is safely managed. As a result, 90% of hand dug wells are contaminated causing serious health risks in the communities. Leaders in Kilifi County Government […]

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Health impact, Public/shared toilets, Regulation, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

Shared sanitation in low-income urban settlements: Evidence from Ghana, Kenya and Bangladesh

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, KenyaLanguage: English

Shared sanitation has immensely contributed to sanitation access in urban areas, but is at best considered a “limited” solution due to the lack of quality standards within Sustainable Development Goal 6. This policy brief presents the main results of the QUISS project (Quality Indicators of Shared Sanitation), a three-country comparative mixed-methods study that identified the […]

Theme: Public/shared toilets, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH

Integrated Slum Upgrading: how can we link water and sanitation with wider urban development?

Published: Country: Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, MozambiqueLanguage: English

Marginalised urban communities are often characterised by three things: complexity, interdependence of challenges, and constant evolution. The sheer numbers of people living close together in poorly planned communities can make improving the quality of life extremely difficult. The rapid rate of urbanisation – by 2050, the number of people living in African cities will double […]

Theme: Community management, Faecal sludge management, Health impact, Planning, Public/shared toilets, Research, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH, Water

NAWIRI: Piloting a business model for low-cost sanitary products in Kenya

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

Women and girls living in Kenya’s low-income settlements frequently lack access to basic menstrual hygiene materials. This Practice Note details the development of a business model for low-cost sanitary products in Naivasha, the setbacks encountered, and what WSUP has learnt from the pilot intervention.

Theme: Gender, Hygiene, WASH

Quality Check: How can we ensure sanitation achieves health and quality of life outcomes in low-income areas?

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, MozambiqueLanguage: English

This discussion paper explores how high-quality sanitation can be achieved in low-income urban areas in developing contexts. It is based on findings from four research projects conducted under, or in association with, WSUP’s Urban Sanitation Research Initiative 2016–2020 (USRI), funded by DFID. The four research projects considered here are: The Faecal Pathogen Flows study in […]

Theme: Container-based sanitation, Health impact, Public/shared toilets, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH

Smart Meters: Innovating to improve water supply in a post-Covid context

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

In cities across Africa, rapidly expanding low-income communities (LICs) pose unique technical and social challenges to utilities in expanding services – but they also present an opportunity to expand the customer base and generate revenues. COVID-19 is placing huge additional pressures on the financial viability of utilities, exacerbating the need for innovative service delivery models […]

Theme: Innovation, Utilities, WASH

When pits fill up: Supply and demand for safe pit-emptying services in Kisumu, Kenya

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

Improving sanitation conditions in low-income communities is a major challenge in rapidly growing cities of the developing world. To determine the degree through which market forces can promote safe fecal sludge removal in low-income neighbourhoods of Kisumu, Kenya, this research compared household willingness-to-pay for formal pit emptying services with the prices charged by service providers. […]

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Finance, Planning, Regulation, Sanitation, Sewerage, Utilities, WASH

Expanding safe fecal sludge management in Kisumu, Kenya

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

Promoting safe pit-emptying services in urban, low-income areas is required to achieve universal access to safely-managed sanitation. To evaluate strategies for increasing access to safe, regulated pit-emptying services, this study compared the performance of different groups in coordinating incentivized emptying services to low-income areas of Kisumu, Kenya.

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH

Expanding safe fecal sludge management in Kisumu, Kenya

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

Improving sanitation conditions in low-income communities is a major challenge for rapidly growing cities of the developing world. Residents of low-income communities generally do not have access to formal, regulated sanitation services such as centralized sewerage networks. Instead, they typically rely on unsafe practices for removing and disposing of fecal sludge, such as connecting pit […]

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH