Madagascar’s urban water challenge

On the outskirts of Antananarivo, getting enough water everyday can be a difficult task.

Residents who live in informal settlements are the ones affected the most, and have to rely on unsafe sources to meet their daily needs.

Watch our 360-degree film and learn how improvements across the water system are changing lives for residents in Madagascar.


More blogs

Institutional change in the urban WASH sector

Published: Country: Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, MozambiqueLanguage: English

This Discussion Paper examines the theory and practice of supporting change processes in urban water and sanitation institutions – a chain of actors that includes local governments, water utilities, and a mix of private and public service providers – to help them reach all urban citizens, including the poorest, with water and sanitation services. The […]

Theme: Planning, Utilities, WASH

Increasing access to sustainable sanitation services in Freetown, Sierra Leone

Published: Country: Sierra LeoneLanguage: English

Since January 2016, WSUP Advisory and its partner GOAL have supported Freetown City Council (FCC) in its efforts to improve faecal sludge management services in Sierra Leone’s capital city. This Practice Note provides an overview of project activities, challenges and results to date.

Theme: Faecal sludge management, Market development, Sanitation

Ghana’s National Sanitation Authority: recommended role and responsibilities

Published: Country: GhanaLanguage: English

Supporting the development of the National Sanitation Authority in Ghana so it can co-ordinate the push to achieve pro-poor sanitation across the country This Policy Brief provides recommendations based on research conducted to feed into the development of the Government of Ghana’s proposed National Sanitation Authority. While the exact shape of the NSA is still […]

Theme: Public finance, Regulation, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative

Female-friendly public and community toilets: a guide for planners and decision makers

Published: Country: Bangladesh, India, Kenya, MozambiqueLanguage: English

The female-friendly guide written by WaterAid, UNICEF and WSUP, is designed primarily for use by local authorities in towns and cities who are in charge of public and community toilets. It’s also useful for national governments, public and private service providers, NGOs, donors and civil society organisations who play a role in delivering these services. The […]

Theme: Community management, Gender, Health impact, Hygiene, Planning, Public/shared toilets, Sanitation, WASH

A journey of institutional change: extending water services to Nairobi’s informal settlements

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

This Topic Brief sets out the process of institutional change undergone by Nairobi City Water & Sewerage Company (NCWSC) to extend services to the informal settlements of Nairobi. Beginning with the creation of an Informal Settlements Department (ISD) in 2009, the utility has implemented a set of structural reforms, strategies and service delivery approaches which […]

Theme: Community management, Non-revenue water, Planning, Regulation, Research, Utilities, WASH, Water

Citywide surveys of water and sanitation service levels: design and methodology

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, ZambiaLanguage: English

This publication describes the methodology used by WSUP in citywide surveys of water and sanitation service levels in 7 cities in 2017/2018. These were surveys designed to give an assessment of water and sanitation service levels across the city, with a particular focus on low-income areas. Surveys were relatively low-cost with total sample size in each […]

Theme: Hygiene, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, WASH, Water

An evaluative framework for urban WASH sector functionality

Published: Country: Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, ZambiaLanguage: English

This publication presents the results of baseline urban WASH sector functionality assessments in WSUP’s six programme countries. We begin by outlining the rationale and process for creating a framework, the methodology and results from the baseline assessments, and concluding it by exploring potential applications of the framework. WSUP’s decision to develop a Sector Functionality Framework […]

Theme: Evaluation, Research, Sanitation, Tools and guidance, WASH, Water

What are the barriers to local government delivery of urban sanitation in Bangladesh?

Published: Country: BangladeshLanguage: English

According to the Local Government (City Corporation) Act 2009, City Corporations (CCs) are responsible for sanitation in large cities – a key public service, because millions of urban Bangladeshis of all income levels rely on on-site sanitation like septic tanks. But are CCs able to deliver safe and affordable sanitation services such as faecal sludge […]

Theme: Planning, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, Utilities

Strengthening Kenya’s institutional framework for urban sanitation

Published: Country: KenyaLanguage: English

The establishment of a strong institutional framework for Kenya’s sanitation sector can help secure better urban sanitation outcomes by coordinating action, ensuring cooperation and generating commitment among the responsible organisations at all levels. Kenya’s institutional framework is currently in transition and the enactment of the Environmental and Sanitation Bill will provide the much-needed enabling environment […]

Theme: Planning, Research, Sanitation, Urban Sanitation Research Initiative

Promoting water security at the city level: lessons from Lusaka

Published: Country: ZambiaLanguage: English

Water security has a critical role to play in preserving ecosystems, including those in urban areas. Through an in-depth case study of Lusaka, Zambia, this Topic Brief explores how public authorities and their partners can work together to identify and respond effectively to risk by developing systems that protect water resources and therefore better plan […]

Theme: Climate change, Planning, Utilities, WASH, Water