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  • Entrepreneurial ecosystems: strengthening the WASH sector in Kenya

    1 1432290190 6 2015 Business, Finance English Kenya Publications: Perspective Piece

    WSUP is working to promote entrepreneurial activity in the Kenyan WASH sector. This Perspective Piece sets out a way forward, arguing that the introduction of a WASH-sector forum is essential for creating a thriving ecosystem.

    Publications: Perspective Piece, Published 2015

  • Entrepreneurial ecosystems: the importance of success stories

    2 1431687574 164 2015 Business, Finance English Publications: Perspective Piece

    Entrepreneurs have a vital role to play in achieving universal water and sanitation, but many countries still lack the conditions needed for WASH businesses to thrive. This Perspective Piece discusses the components of a successful entrepreneurial ecosystem, emphasising the importance of a ‘success story’ to catalyse growth in the sector.

    Publications: Perspective Piece, Published 2015

  • How can we influence municipal governments to allocate more money to sanitation?

    3 1431097761 133 2015 English Finance, Research, Sanitation Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    Improving urban sanitation requires big investment by municipal as well as national government: but in most African cities, sanitation receives less than 1% of the total municipal budget. This Practice Note reports ongoing research around how to encourage greater municipal investment in sanitation, in cities in Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2015

  • PN019 ENGLISH - DWASA LIC Unit

    Setting up an LIC Unit: DWASA’s approach to serving low-income communities in Dhaka

    4 1426855915 190 2015 Bangladesh English Publications: Practice Note Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water

    Urban water utilities face complex challenges in extending services to low-income communities (LICs). This Practice Note looks at DWASA’s evolving approach to serving LICs in Dhaka, one of the world’s fastest growing cities.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2015

  • Menstrual hygiene - front cover

    Menstrual hygiene: a behaviour change campaign in Dhaka

    5 1425638789 176 2015 Bangladesh English Gender, Sanitation Publications: Practice Note

    Women and girls living in the low-income communities of Dhaka lack the services and support required to practice safe menstrual hygiene. This Practice Note looks at a recent campaign that aimed to overcome the barriers to change.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2015

  • How can water utilities serve low-income communities?

    Stand-alone unit or mainstreamed responsibility: how can water utilities serve low-income communities?

    6 1422969661 364 2015 Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia English Publications: Discussion Paper Utilities Management

    Drawing upon 10 case studies from Africa and Asia, this Discussion Paper explores a question that is core to the urban water supply challenge: how can utilities effectively structure their organisation to extend services to low-income communities?

    Publications: Discussion Paper, Published 2015

  • ACF Final Report 2009-14

    African Cities for the Future (ACF) Final Report

    7 1422622055 289 2014 Community Management, Gender, Non Revenue Water (NRW), Sanitation, Sustainability, Water English Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Reports

    This final African Cities for the Future report comprises a brief summary of the programme’s achievements across each ACF city, bringing out some detail from the final extension year, then draws together some of the important lessons learned, and recommendations for the future.

    Reports, Published 2014

  • Get to Scale in Urban Sanitation Aumentar a cobertura de serviços do saneamento urbano!

    Aumentar a cobertura de serviços do saneamento urbano!

    8 1421664459 169 2013 Madagascar, Mozambique Portuguese Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, WASH Planning

    Aumentar a cobertura de serviços do saneamento urbano, requer o “scaling out” de modelos adequados para as comunidades mais desfavorecidas e ao mesmo tempo, o “scaling up” dos processos de gestão sustentáveis. Esta nota informa sobre a experiência de Maputo e de Antananarivo sobre o “scaling out” e o “scaling up”.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • Guiding entrepreneurs to independence

    Parvenir à la pérennité : guider les entrepreneurs vers l’indépendance

    9 1421662938 176 2013 Business, Finance, Sanitation, Sustainability, Water French Kenya, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    Appuyer les entrepreneurs à lancer des services pérennes d’assainissement peut être relativement simple. Cependant, des défis se posent en général quand il faut passer d’une entreprise appuyée par les bailleurs de fonds vers la vraie indépendance. Cette note se penche sur les obstacles à surmonter pour devenir une entreprise autosuffisante et discute comment progresser.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • 100% de acesso pelo projecto

    100% de acesso pelo projecto: uma ferramenta de análise financeira para o saneamento urbano

    10 1421152310 179 2013 Bangladesh Faecal Sludge Management (FSM), Finance, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning Portuguese Publications: Practice Note

    Avaliar o custo de diferentes soluções de saneamento, é um desafio chave do planeamento urbano. Esta Nota Prática descreve uma ferramenta de análise financeira em Excel que calcula os custos de diferentes opções para se conseguir 100% de acesso ao saneamento em áreas de baixo rendimento e sem baixo rendimento.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • Promover a ligação à rede de abastecimento de água: bom para o negócio, bom para os mais desfavorecidos?

    Promover a ligação à rede de abastecimento de água: bom para o negócio, bom para os mais desfavorecidos?

    11 1421152112 167 2011 Finance, Utilities Management, Water Mozambique Portuguese Publications: Practice Note

    Mesmo nos distritos urbanos servidos por uma rede de abastecimento de água, existem vários obstáculos para a ligação dos mais desfavorecidos. Muitas das vezes o maior obstáculo é simplesmente a documentação. Em Maputo (Moçambique), o projeto Tchemulane está a trabalhar com as comunidades e com a AdeM para ajudar os consumidores de baixa renda a terem acesso a uma ligação domiciliária.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • A localização é tudo: colocação ideal dos serviços de água e saneamento comunitários

    A localização é tudo: colocação ideal dos serviços de água e saneamento comunitários

    12 1421151944 167 2011 Madagascar Portuguese Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water

    Quando se constroem infraestruturas partilhadas tais como quiosques de abastecimento de água e latrinas comunitárias, é fundamental identificar locais que maximizem a sua utilização e garantam a viabilidade financeira. Esta nota descreve um procedimento, desenvolvido em Antananarivo, para a identificação de locais viáveis para as infraestruturas.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Os programas de redução de Água Não Facturada (ANF) podem melhorar os serviços para os mais desfavorecidos?

    Os programas de redução de Água Não Facturada (ANF) podem melhorar os serviços para os mais desfavorecidos?

    13 1421151775 157 2011 Madagascar Non Revenue Water (NRW), Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water Portuguese Publications: Practice Note

    A redução de ANF é um objectivo de desenvolvimento comum para as empresas de abastecimento de água mas será que ajuda os mais desfavorecidos? Em Antananarivo (Madagáscar), a redução das perdas de ANF está a ajudar a empresa JIRAMA a libertar água para abastecer as comunidades de baixa renda.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • ASH urbano resistente às alterações climáticas: um método de avaliação rápida

    ASH urbano resistente às alterações climáticas: um método de avaliação rápida

    14 1421082973 161 2011 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique Portuguese Publications: Practice Note

    As alterações climáticas estão a acontecer e as populações mais desfavorecidas das zonas urbanas são muito vulneráveis aos seus impactos. É muito provável que a procura por serviços de abastecimento de água e de saneamento em áreas urbanas de baixo rendimento aumente e as cheias e a escassez de água poderão tornar-se mais frequentes. Os provedores de serviços devem agir agora.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • SIG e ferramentas de mapeamento para infraestruturas de água e saneamento

    SIG e ferramentas de mapeamento para infraestruturas de água e saneamento

    15 1421080451 176 2011 Mali Portuguese Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, Tools, Water

    As ferramentas desenvolvidas recentemente que permitem a representação geográfica baseada na Web de dados têm aplicações interessantes na concepção e monitoria de sistemas WASH. Esta nota apresenta três ferramentas em uso no sector.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Allons à grande échelle en matière d’assainissement urbain !

    Allons à grande échelle en matière d’assainissement urbain !

    16 1409584226 338 2012 French Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, WASH Planning

    Mettre l’assainissement urbain à l’échelle requiert des modèles replicables adaptés aux communautés plus pauvres, et en même temps des processus de gestion pérenne de mise à l’échelle Cette note montre les expériences de réplication et de mise à l’échelle à Maputo et à Antananarivo.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2012

  • Helping people connect to water networks: good for business, good for the poor?

    Appuyer la population pour se connecter aux réseaux d’eau : Bon pour les affaires, bon pour les pauvres ?

    17 1409583195 278 2011 French Mozambique Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, Tools, Water

    Même dans les quartiers urbains desservis par réseaux d’eau, les ménages les plus pauvres rencontrent des difficultés de branchement. La plupart du temps, les formalités représentent l’ obstacle majeur. À Maputo (Mozambique), le projet Tchemulane travaille avec des groupes communautaires et le service des eaux pour aider les consommateurs les plus pauvres à avoir accès au branchement domestique.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • 100% access by design: a financial analysis tool for urban sanitation

    Taux d’accès de 100% par la conception: un outil d’analyse financière pour l’assainissement urbain

    18 1409582509 325 2013 Bangladesh Finance, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning French Publications: Practice Note

    Evaluer de façon fiable le coût des différentes options d’assainissement est un défi essentiel pour la planification urbaine. Cette Note Pratique décrit un outil d’analyse financière fiable sous Excel qui calcule les coûts de différentes options pour atteindre un taux d’accès de 100% pour l’assainissement dans les zones à faible revenu ou non les zones qui ne sont pas à faible revenu.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • Water Supply Options

    The Urban Water Supply Guide: Service delivery options for low-income communities

    19 1406296339 1261 2014 Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia English Non Revenue Water (NRW), Sustainability, Tools, Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water Publications: Guide

    Providing improved water supply to low-income urban communities is a difficult challenge faced by water utilities throughout Africa and Asia. This guide provides an introduction to available options for serving these communities. The guide draws on sector experience in general, and more particularly on WSUP’s extensive experience of implementing urban WASH programmes in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere.

    Publications: Guide, Published 2014

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    FSM services in Lusaka: moving up the excreta management ladder

    20 1406024643 873 2014 English Faecal Sludge Management (FSM), Sanitation Publications: Practice Note Zambia

    Despite most residents of African and Asian cities depending on non-sewered sanitation, only a handful of sanitation authorities have addressed the management of faecal sludge from these systems. This Practice Note describes the launch of a faecal sludge management (FSM) service in the peri-urban area of Kanyama.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2014

  • Reducing Vandalism

    Reducing vandalism of water and sanitation infrastructure: experience from Zambia’s Copperbelt

    21 1399047768 875 1 2014 Business, Non Revenue Water (NRW), Sustainability, Utilities Management English Publications: Topic Brief Zambia

    This Topic Brief highlights the relevance of vandalism as a key issue that impacts on the financial viability of water and sanitation utilities, and aims to provide practical insights on strategies for vandalism reduction.

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2014

  • Reducing vandalism: experience from Zambia's Copperbelt

    Reducing vandalism: experience from Zambia’s Copperbelt

    22 1398443514 715 1 2014 English Non Revenue Water (NRW), Utilities Management, Water Publications: Practice Note Zambia

    Water and sanitation utilities commonly experience vandalism and theft of their property. This Practice Note describes experience from the Copperbelt region of Zambia, where Nkana Water and Sewerage Company (NWSC) are tackling the issue through a three-pronged, integrated approach of improving customer and utility relations, increasing the community’s sense of ownership, and strengthening law enforcement.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2014

  • ACF Annual Report Year 1

    African Cities for the Future (ACF) Annual Report 2010

    23 1396353457 568 2010 Community Management, Monitoring and Evaluation, Sanitation, Sustainability, Water English Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Reports

    This report describes the progress of the first year of the African Cities for the Future (ACF) program for the period October 2009 to September 2010.

    Reports, Published 2010

  • The Urban Programming Guide

    The Urban Programming Guide: How to design and implement an effective urban WASH programme

    24 1396019760 2723 2014 Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia Business, Finance, Gender, Monitoring and Evaluation, Non Revenue Water (NRW), Sanitation, Sustainability, Tools, Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water English Publications: Guide

    The guide provides an introduction to urban WASH programming: how to design and implement a pro-poor urban water, sanitation and hygiene programme.

    Publications: Guide, Published 2014

  • Sewerage or FSM? Sometimes both: 'gradual sewering' in Nairobi.

    Sewerage or FSM? Sometimes both: ‘gradual sewering’ in Nairobi

    25 1395846957 1041 2014 English Kenya Publications: Practice Note Sanitation

    Nairobi’s super-slum Kibera is criss-crossed by sewer mains. So why not simply connect latrines to the sewer? Unfortunately it’s not so simple, for various reasons including high costs. In partnership with Nairobi Water, WSUP has been developing a ‘gradual sewering’ approach that aims to bridge the gap between onsite and sewered sanitation. This note looks at experience to date.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2014

  • Uma abordagem inclusiva de género: saneamento comunitário

    Uma abordagem inclusiva de género: saneamento comunitário

    26 1394633320 464 2014 Gender, Sanitation, WASH Planning Kenya, Mozambique Portuguese Publications: Practice Note

    As mulheres e as raparigas sofrem os efeitos do mau saneamento e baixo acesso a água potável. Através do exemplo do estabelecimento de instalações de saneamento comunitário em Maputo (Moçambique) e em Naivasha (Quénia), esta Nota Prática ilustra uma abordagem à provisão de serviços WASH que promove a inclusão, igualdade e que põe as preocupações das mulheres e raparigas no centro da planificação e implementação do programa.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2014

  • Gender Inclusive Sanitation

    A gender-inclusive approach in practice: communal sanitation

    27 1394117782 1223 2014 English Gender, Sanitation Kenya, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    Women and girls suffer disproportionately from the effects of poor sanitation and lack of access to clean water. Through the example of establishing communal sanitation facilities in Maputo (Mozambique) and Naivasha (Kenya), this Practice Note illustrates how WASH service provision can be approached in a way that fosters inclusion, promotes equality, and places the concerns of women and girls at the centre of programme planning and implementation.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2014

  • ACF Annual Report 2012-13

    African Cities for the Future (ACF) Annual Report 2013

    28 1393863374 716 2013 English Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar Non Revenue Water (NRW), Sanitation, Sustainability, Water Reports

    This report describes the progress of the fourth year of the African Cities for the Future (ACF) program for the period October 2012 to September 2013.

    Reports, Published 2013

  • Financing communal toilets: the Tchemulane project in Maputo

    Financing communal toilets: the Tchemulane project in Maputo

    29 1389704174 701 2011 Community Management, Finance, Sanitation English Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    This Practice Note examines the financing of communal toilets in Maputo, Mozambique, carried out in conjunction with municipal level capacity building and citywide sanitation planning. It argues that in high density, low income communities, communal toilets serving small groups of families can be an effective sanitation solution.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Achieving sustainability: encouraging local government investment

    Achieving sustainability: encouraging local government investment

    30 1380038188 1359 2013 Bangladesh, Madagascar, Mozambique English Finance, Sanitation, Sustainability, Tools, Utilities Management Publications: Practice Note

    Substantial local government investment is essential for sustainable services, but difficult to achieve. Barriers include institutional lack of clarity over responsibilities (particularly in sanitation provision), weak capacity to collect and manage revenues, unpredictable transfers from national to local government, and a lack of data on past spending and its effectiveness. This paper looks at some…

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • Achieving sustainability: guiding entrepreneurs to independence

    Achieving sustainability: guiding entrepreneurs to independence

    31 1379522249 1715 2013 Business, Finance, Sanitation, Sustainability, Water English Kenya, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    Supporting entrepreneurs to start up viable sanitation businesses can be relatively straightforward. However, challenges typically arise in the transition from donor-supported start-up to true independence. This note looks at the obstacles that need to be overcome in growing start-up businesses to become fully self-sustaining, and discusses how progress can be made.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • ACF Annual Report 2010-11

    African Cities for the Future (ACF) Annual Report 2011

    32 1379347209 696 2011 English Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Reports Sanitation, Water

    This report describes the progress of the second year of the African Cities for the Future (ACF) program for the period October 2010 to September 2011.

    Reports, Published 2011

  • ACF Annual Report 2011-12

    African Cities for the Future (ACF) Annual Report 2012

    33 1379345726 720 2012 English Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Reports Sanitation, Water

    This report describes progress in the third year of the African Cities for the Future (ACF) program, for the period October 2011 to September 2012.

    Reports, Published 2012

  • Achieving Sustainability: changing the ways in which we define success

    34 1378122171 1397 2013 English Monitoring and Evaluation Publications: Perspective Piece

    Implementing agencies like WSUP, Water For People and IRC are of course accountable to their funders, including major bilaterals and foundations and naturally, these funders must track the effectiveness of their spending. However, short budget cycles and the need to demonstrate “value for money” can often encourage over-simplistic measurement of success in terms of short-term…

    Publications: Perspective Piece, Published 2013

  • Getting to Scale in Urban Sanitation

    Getting to scale in urban sanitation

    35 1377789409 2622 2013 English Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief Sanitation, WASH Planning

    Scale-up of urban sanitation remains an elusive goal in most low-income cities. Donor interventions are often macro-investments without adequate attention to low-income communities, or small pilots that do not address the challenges of scale. This Topic Brief offers lessons for scale-up deriving from WSUP’s 2008-2012 programme in Maputo (Mozambique) and Antananarivo (Madagascar).

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2013

  • Getting to Scale in Urban Water Supply

    Getting to scale in urban water supply

    36 1377789220 2582 2013 Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief WASH Planning, Water

    Scale-up of urban water services which meet the needs of low-income populations is a pressing challenge in most African cities. Ensuring the quality, reliability and affordability of water services to low-income residents typically remain elusive goals. This Topic Brief offers lessons for scale-up deriving from WSUP’s 2008-2012 programme in Maputo (Mozambique) and Antananarivo (Madagascar).

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2013

  • Dhaka Financial Analysis

    Financial analysis for sanitation planning: lessons from Dhaka

    37 1377789044 1555 2013 Bangladesh English Finance, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning Publications: Topic Brief

    Plans for sanitation improvements often stall at an early stage due to the challenge of costing different sanitation options, leaving low-income communities without improved sanitation. To address this need, WSUP, IWA and local partners have developed a financial tool which helps planners get a preliminary understanding of the affordability of different sanitation improvement strategies.

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2013

  • Get to Scale in Urban Water

    Get to scale in urban water!

    38 1377788233 836 2013 English Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note WASH Planning, Water

    Taking urban water to scale requires ‘scaling out’ models that work for poorer communities, and at the same time ‘scaling up’ sustainable management processes. This note reports scale-out and scale-up experience from Maputo and Antananarivo.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • Allons à grande échelle en matière d’assainissement urbain !

    Get to scale in urban sanitation!

    39 1377788044 1266 2013 English Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, WASH Planning

    Taking urban sanitation to scale requires ‘scaling out’ models that work for poorer communities, and at the same time ‘scaling up’ sustainable management processes. This note reports scale-out and scale-up experience from Maputo and Antananarivo.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • 100% access by design: a financial analysis tool for urban sanitation

    100% access by design: a financial analysis tool for urban sanitation

    40 1377781460 1500 2013 Bangladesh English Finance, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning Publications: Practice Note

    Reliably assessing the cost of different sanitation solutions is a key urban planning challenge. This Practice Note describes an Excel-based financial analysis tool which generates reliable costings of different options for achieving 100% sanitation access across low-income and non-low-income areas.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2013

  • Health impact of urban WASH programmes

    Evaluating the health impact of urban WASH programmes: an affordable approach for enhancing effectiveness

    41 1373387196 938 2011 English Health Impacts, Monitoring and Evaluation, Research Publications: Discussion Paper

    This paper puts forward the case for more widespread evaluation of the health impacts of WASH interventions. It argues that more frequent evaluation would encourage investors and implementers to focus on impacts rather than outputs, and would enable more objective comparative assessment of the value-for-money of different types of urban WASH intervention. Importantly the paper…

    Publications: Discussion Paper, Published 2011

  • Progress-linked finance

    Progress-Linked Finance: a study of the feasibility and practicality of a proposed WASH financing approach

    42 1373387128 782 2011 English Finance, Sanitation, Water Publications: Discussion Paper

    This report assesses the feasibility of a financing model, Progress-Linked Finance (PLF), designed to incentivise and support WASH service providers to meet the needs of poor urban residents in a financially sustainable manner. Under the PLF model, international financing institutions would enter into commitment agreements with urban WASH service providers, notably utilities and municipalities.

    Publications: Discussion Paper, Published 2011

  • Financing water and sanitation for the poor

    Financing water and sanitation for the poor: six key solutions

    43 1373387061 920 2012 English Finance, Sanitation, Water Publications: Discussion Paper

    Financing water and sanitation improvements for the very poor remains a major challenge across large areas of the globe. In the lead-up to World Water Forum 2012, sector specialists throughout the world have been asked to report specific measures for addressing this deficit. In this paper, WSUP and IRC propose six Key Solutions and urge…

    Publications: Discussion Paper, Published 2012

  • Sanitation surcharges for financing pro-poor sanitation

    Sanitation surcharges collected through water bills: a way forward for financing pro-poor sanitation?

    44 1373386970 847 2012 English Finance, Sanitation Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia Publications: Discussion Paper

    Market-driven models for sanitation in low-income areas are of unquestionable importance, but there is broad consensus that the market needs to be supported by some sort of public revenue stream. One potentially pro-poor approach to revenue generation, as demonstrated in Lusaka and Ouagadougou, is to include a sanitation surcharge within water bills. This Discussion Paper…

    Publications: Discussion Paper, Published 2012

  • Climate Proofing urban WASH in Naivasha

    How to Climate Proof Water and Sanitation Services in the Peri-Urban Areas in Naivasha

    45 1373386873 800 2010 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya Reports

    Reports, Published 2010

  • Climate Proofing urban WASH in Antananarivo

    How to Climate Proof Water & Sanitation Services in Informal & Peri-Urban Areas in Antananarivo

    46 1373386791 776 2010 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water English Madagascar Reports

    Reports, Published 2010

  • Climate Proofing urban WASH in Lusaka

    How to Climate Proof Water and Sanitation Services in the Peri-Urban Areas in Lusaka

    47 1373386642 944 2010 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water English Reports Zambia

    Reports, Published 2010

  • How to climate proof urban WASH

    How to climate proof water & sanitation services for the urban poor

    48 1373386533 805 2010 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Reports

    Reports, Published 2010

  • Background report on IWRM

    Pragmatic but Principled: Background Report on Integrated Water Resource Management

    49 1373386415 773 2010 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Reports

    Reports, Published 2010

  • Integrated water resource management (IWRM)

    Policy brief: When is integrated water resource management relevant to WSUP?

    50 1373386303 771 2010 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Reports

    Reports, Published 2010

  • Using water kiosk revenues to cross-finance environmental hygiene: Tana’s RF2 model

    Using water kiosk revenues to cross-finance environmental hygiene: Tana’s RF2 model

    51 1373386160 946 2011 Community Management, Finance, Sanitation English Madagascar Publications: Practice Note

    In the Madagascan capital Antananarivo (Tana), community groups are using revenues from water kiosks and other local sources to finance a drainage canal cleaning programme, critical to public health. This practice note argues that the Tana experience may provide a sustainable and scalable model for cross financing environmental health improvements.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Financement croisé de l’assainissement environnemental : le modèle RF2 de Tana

    Financement croisé de l’assainissement environnemental: le modèle RF2 de Tana

    52 1373386087 683 2011 Community Management, Finance, Sanitation French Madagascar Publications: Practice Note

    La pérennité financière est essentielle aux modèles durables de l’assainissement urbain et de l’hygiène environnementale. A Antananarivo (Tana), capitale malgache, les communautés utilisent les recettes des kiosques à eau pour financer le curage de canaux, une action essentielle pour la santé publique.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Financement de toilettes communes : le projet Tchemulane à Maputo

    Financement de toilettes communes: le projet Tchemulane à Maputo

    53 1373385992 678 2011 Community Management, Finance, Sanitation French Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    Des toilettes communes pour plusieurs familles peuvent être une bonne solution dans les quartiers pauvres et densément peuplés. Mais encore faut-il assurer des paiements réguliers par les usagers, et une bonne gestion communautaire des recetttes.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Financiamento de sanitários comunitários: o projecto Tchemulane em Maputo

    Financiamento de sanitários comunitários: o projecto Tchemulane em Maputo

    54 1373385847 668 2011 Community Management, Finance, Sanitation Mozambique Portuguese Publications: Practice Note

    Em comunidades com uma elevada densidade populacional e baixo rendimento, sanitários comunitários para pequenos grupos de famílias podem ser uma solução eficaz. O desafio é obter pagamentos regulares dos utilizadores e uma gestão comunitária eficaz desta receita.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • GIS & mapping tools for water and sanitation infrastructure

    GIS & mapping tools for water and sanitation infrastructure

    55 1373385707 1374 2011 English Mali Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, Tools, Water

    This practice note discusses the development of web-based tools to enable geographical representation of data – some of which have exciting applications in the design and monitoring of WASH systems. It introduces three tools of this type and briefly discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each: Google Fusion Tables, WaterAid’s Waterpoint Mapper, and Water for…

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Des outils de SIG et de cartographie pour les infrastructures d’eau et d’assainissement

    Des outils de SIG et de cartographie pour les infrastructures d’eau et d’assainissement

    56 1373385583 764 2011 French Mali Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, Tools, Water

    Des outils de représentation géographique de données sur le web offrent des applications intéressantes pour la conception et le suivi des systèmes d’eau. Cette note présente trois outils actuellement utilisés dans le secteur.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Climate-proofing urban WASH: a rapid assessment method

    Climate-proofing urban WASH: a rapid assessment method

    57 1373385477 706 2011 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    Climate change is happening, and the urban poor are extremely vulnerable to its impacts. Demand for water and sanitation services in low-income urban areas is likely to increase, while flooding and water shortages may become more frequent. This Practice Note outlines a rapid assessment method for planning the climate-proofing of a city’s water and sanitation…

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Adaptation des services urbaines d’eau et d’assainissement au changement climatique

    Adaptation des services urbaines d’eau et d’assainissement au changement climatique

    58 1373385347 689 2011 Climate Change, Sanitation, Tools, WASH Planning, Water French Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    Le changement climatique est une réalité à laquelle les communautés urbaines pauvres sont très vulnérables. Si la demande pour les services d’eau et d’assainissement augmenteront probablement, les inondations et les pénuries d’eau risquent de devenir plus fréquentes, d’où la nécessité pour les fournisseurs de service d’agir maintenant.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Can NRW reduction programmes lead to improved services for the poor?

    Can NRW reduction programmes lead to improved services for the poor?

    59 1373385213 864 2011 English Madagascar Non Revenue Water (NRW), Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water Publications: Practice Note

    Reducing non-revenue water (NRW) is a common development goal for water utilities, but does it help the poor? In Antananarivo, Madagascar, reducing NRW losses is helping the utility JIRAMA to free up water resources that are being used to supply low-income communities.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Les programmes de réduction de NRW: est-ce qu’ils améliorent les services pour les plus pauvres?

    Les programmes de réduction de NRW: est-ce qu’ils améliorent les services pour les plus pauvres?

    60 1373385099 691 2011 French Madagascar Non Revenue Water (NRW), Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water Publications: Practice Note

    Réduire le NRW (non-revenue water, “eau non comptabilisée”) est un objectif de développement commun pour les compagnies d’eau, mais est-ce que cela aide les pauvres ? A Antananarivo (Madagascar), la réduction de NRW permet à la compagnie JIRAMA de dégager des ressources en eau qui sont utilisées pour approvisionner les communautés à faible revenu.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Location is everything: optimal placement of community water and sanitation services

    Location is everything: optimal placement of community water and sanitation services

    61 1373384976 844 2011 English Madagascar Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, Tools, Water

    When constructing shared facilities like water kiosks and communal toilets, it is critical to identify locations that maximise usage and thus ensure financial viability. This note describes a procedure, developed in Antananarivo, for identifying viable infrastructure locations.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Choisir l’emplacement optimal pour les services communautaires d’eau et d’assainissement

    Choisir l’emplacement optimal pour les services communautaires d’eau et d’assainissement

    62 1373384857 747 2011 French Madagascar Publications: Practice Note Sanitation, Tools, Water

    Il est essentiel de bien choisir l’emplacement des infrastructures communautaires telles que les bornes fontaines ou les toilettes publiques pour maximiser leur utilisation et par-là assurer leur viabilité financière. Cette note décrit une procédure élaborée à cet effet à Antananarivo pour identifier la localisation des infrastructures.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Helping people connect to water networks: good for business, good for the poor?

    Helping people connect to water networks: good for business, good for the poor?

    63 1373384707 852 2011 English Finance, Utilities Management, Water Mozambique Publications: Practice Note

    Even in city districts served by a water network, there are various barriers to connection by the poorest households. Sometimes a major barrier is simply the paperwork. In Maputo, Mozambique, the Tchemulane project is working with community groups and the water utility to help poorer consumers access a household connection.

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Clean Team, a human-centred approach to sanitation: initial trials in Ghana

    Clean Team, a human-centred approach to sanitation: initial trials in Ghana

    64 1373384540 2013 2011 Business, Sanitation English Ghana Publications: Practice Note

    Clean Team is a sanitation business currently being trialled by WSUP in Kumasi (Ghana), in collaboration with Unilever. Using human-centred design methods, it approaches urban sanitation from a radically new angle: asking people in low-income communities what sort of toilet they really want (for example, a flush toilet in their own home), and working from…

    Publications: Practice Note, Published 2011

  • Communal toilets

    When are communal or public toilets an appropriate option?

    65 1373384407 1572 2011 Community Management, Finance, Sanitation, WASH Planning English Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief

    This Topic Brief explores the viability of communal or public toilets as an alternative to individual household toilets, noting the challenges of financing and sustainable management arrangements. It argues that communal or public toilets may be the most appropriate medium-term solution in some specific situations: notably in high-density slums with a high proportion of tenants and/or…

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2011

  • Business models for delegated management of water services

    Business models for delegated management of local water services: experience from Naivasha (Kenya)

    66 1373382817 1064 2011 Business, Community Management, Finance, Utilities Management, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief

    This Topic Brief describes a business model for delegated management of local water services, recently developed with WSUP support in the Kenyan Rift Valley town of Naivasha. The model is designed to ensure affordable but high-quality services for consumers, profitability for the operators, and sufficient revenues for sustainable asset maintenance.

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2011

  • Delegated management of urban WASH services

    Delegated management of water and sanitation services in urban areas: experiences from Kumasi, Ghana

    67 1373382687 1332 2012 Business, Community Management, Finance, Sanitation, Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water English Ghana Publications: Topic Brief

    This Topic Brief focuses on a delegated management model developed in Kumasi (Ghana), where a WSUP-facilitated partnership between the water utility, the Metropolitan Assembly and a community management committee is starting to play a key role in expanding the provision of clean, affordable water and improved public toilet facilities in the low-income district of Kotei….

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2012

  • Informal influences in WASH service delivery

    Recognising and dealing with informal influences in water and sanitation services delivery

    68 1373382587 1186 2012 Community Management, Sanitation, Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief

    Donor-funded water and sanitation improvement programmes operate within the formal frameworks put in place by municipal or national governments. However, in order to plan and implement programmes effectively, it is essential that implementers also recognise and take into account the influence of more subtle informal factors, such as conventions, norms of behaviour, and unwritten cultural…

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2012

  • Dealing with land tenure challenges in WASH service delivery

    Dealing with land tenure and tenancy challenges in water and sanitation services delivery

    69 1373382430 1351 1 2013 Community Management, Sanitation, Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief

    WSUP’s work takes place in urban contexts with complex formal and informal land ownership arrangements, raising diverse challenges for water and sanitation service provision. For example, the people in most need of improved water and sanitation are often tenants, yet landlords may be unwilling to invest in better toilets. Similarly, improving these services often requires…

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2013

  • WASH community engagement

    Getting communities engaged in water and sanitation projects: participatory design and consumer feedback

    70 1373382321 1711 1 2013 Community Management, Sanitation, Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief

    Community engagement in water and sanitation service delivery is key for ensuring project sustainability and accountability. This Topic Brief looks at community engagement approaches used by WSUP in three cities within the African Cities for the Future (ACF) programme: Antananarivo (Madagascar), Kumasi (Ghana) and Maputo (Mozambique). The specific focus is on ways to encourage community…

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2013

  • Urban WASH contract design

    Designing effective contracts for small-scale service providers in urban water and sanitation

    71 1373382202 1322 1 2013 Business, Community Management, Finance, Sanitation, Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief

    Extending water and sanitation services to the urban poor will often involve contractual relationships between small-scale entrepreneurs and municipalities or utilities. This Topic Brief draws on WSUP’s experience in the African Cities for the Future (ACF) programme to illustrate ways of dealing with the challenges that arise when developing this type of contract, providing practical…

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2013

  • Hybrid Management Models

    Hybrid management models: blending community and private management

    72 1373382079 1428 1 2013 Business, Community Management, Finance, Sanitation, Utilities Management, WASH Planning, Water English Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique Publications: Topic Brief

    A clear distinction is generally made between community and private management of water and sanitation services.  For example, entrepreneurs who provide services are assumed to hold very different motivations, values and approaches to Community Based organisations (CBOs). WSUP often seeks to go beyond this “community” versus “private” dichotomy, to try to get “the best of…

    Publications: Topic Brief, Published 2013